Kennel cough (also known as infectious tracheobronchitis) results from inflammation of the upper airway and is caused by bordetella bacterium, adenovirus, and parainfluenza. It spreads easily in situations where dogs are kept in close proximity, such as a kennel, dog park, or dog show.
In most cases, the disease is mild and the cough will subside considerably after five days, although the disease lasts anywhere from 10 to 20 days. The disease is problematic for some dogs, and those who are weak, ill, or old can develop chronic bronchitis. Puppies infected with kennel cough are vulnerable to the development of fatal bronchopneumonia. Stress and environmental changes including extreme temperatures and humidity are thought to increase a dog’s susceptibility to the disease as well as its severity.
In some cases, secondary bacterial pneumonia may complicate the situation. This is most often seen in dogs with bronchitis, a poor immune system, or a collapsing trachea. Puppies and toy breeds may show signs of nasal congestion. Extra care is required to prevent pneumonia and improve breathing.
• harsh, dry coughing
• retching and gagging
You can speed your dog’s recovery through the use of herbal supplements, which help to support the immune system and help prevent the spread of infection. In addition, good nutrition and hygiene are essential for a speedy recovery. Kennel cough is very contagious, so caution should be taken to avoid spreading the disease to other dogs.