Feline Infectious Anemia is caused by an infection of blood parasites. Blood parasites are organisms that take up residence on, or in, your cat and are usually transmitted through the bite of a flea or tick. Some cats adapt well to the existence of parasites and experience no adverse reactions, however others become agitated or ill with infections that can range from mild to deadly.
Cats infected by a blood parasite may become infected with feline infectious anemia, an acute or chronic disease caused by a bacteria that multiples in the bloodstream and can cause anemia. It is most likely to occur in male cats between the ages of one and three.
Not all cats with feline infectious anemia will appear sick. Some will carry the infection in a latent form and develop symptoms only if stressed or afflicted by another disease. In severe cases, a cat with anemia may experience a high fever, loss of appetite, and an enlarged spleen.
- poor appetite
- weight loss
- sleeping unusually long
- general weakness
- rapid pulse and breathing
- enlarged spleen
- enlarged lymph nodes
To help prevent the disease, reduce your cat's exposure to blood sucking insects and watch for unusual symptoms including energy loss, depression, and breathing difficulties. It’s also important to remember that a cat that has recovered from the disease can develop it again.
Remember to never self diagnose your pet or administer any product without first consulting your vet. To support your pet's recovery, always ensure they have a constant supply of fresh water and serve only high quality nourishing food.