It is not clear where Maltese originated, however they were a recognized breed in Malta thousands of years ago. They have an easily distinguishable white coat. They are small dogs but do require regular exercise and tend to be quite playful and have a bold personality. The breed is known for retaining their puppy-like attitude throughout life. Maltese are extremely loveable and playful, and want nothing more than to curl up next to their owner.
Common Health Conditions
- Many Maltese are blind from eye diseases like glaucoma and progressive retinal atrophy. Corneal ulcers can form if the prominent eyes get scratched. Tear duct disorders cause tears to overflow onto the white coat, staining it.
- Liver disease can happen as a result of aging, genetics, or infection. Some diseases and medications can hurt your dog's liver. The liver is vital to your Maltese’s health. When functioning properly, it regulates blood sugar and filters toxic substances.
- Collapsing trachea is more common in smaller dogs, (such as the Maltese) due to the structure of their faces. The trachea (also known as the windpipe) is composed of cartilage. If the cartilage weakens, the structure will flatten.